Induction of Resistance in Bhendi Accessions against Whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) under Field Condition


Published: 2023-08-22

DOI: 10.56557/upjoz/2023/v44i193612

Page: 20-26

J. M. Saraswathi *

Department of Entomology, Faculty of Agriculture, Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar–608002, Tamil Nadu, India.

N. Muthukumaran

Department of Entomology, Faculty of Agriculture, Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar–608002, Tamil Nadu, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Two bhendi accessions were screened for the induction of resistance by seed treatment with agriculturally beneficial microorganisms like Azospirillum, Phosphobacteria and K-solubilizer against whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Genn.) at the Department of Entomology, Faculty of Agriculture, Annamalai University. Accession Salem Local along with Arka Anamika was screened with different agriculturally beneficial microorganisms under field condition. The nymphal population of whitefly was recorded during two (Rabi and Kharif) seasons of 2022. Among the treatments, the accession Salem Local treated with K- solubilizer recorded the lowest nymphal population followed by the treatment, Azospirillum + Phosphobacteria + K-solubilizer.  Whereas the maximum nymphal population was observed in Arka Anamika treated with Azospirillum with the mean nymphal population of 3.32 and 3.65 in the Rabi and Kharif seasons respectively. Hence, the accessions following seed treatment that conferred resistance against whitefly were selected for breeding in order to develop whitefly resistant varieties.

Keywords: Agriculturally beneficial microorganisms, bhendi, B. tabaci, nymphal population

How to Cite

Saraswathi, J. M., & Muthukumaran , N. (2023). Induction of Resistance in Bhendi Accessions against Whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) under Field Condition. UTTAR PRADESH JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY, 44(19), 20–26.


Download data is not yet available.


Abidia AB, Singha P, Chauhana V, Tiwaria BK, Chauhan SS, Simonb S, Bilalc S. An overview on okra, Abelmoschus esculentus L. (Moench) and its importance as a nutritive vegetable in the world. International Journal of Pharmacy and Biological Sciences. 2014;4(2):227-233.

Anitha KR, Nandihalli BS. Seasonal incidence of sucking pests in okra ecosystem. Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 2008;21:137-38.

Oliveira MRV, Henneberry TJ, Anderson P. History, Current status and collaborative research projects for Bemisia tabaci (Genn.). Crop Protection. 2001;20:709-723.

Sani I, Ismail SI, Abdullah S, Jalinas J, Jamian S, Saad N. A review of the biology and control of whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae), with special reference to biological control using entomopathogenic fungi. Insects. 2020;11: 619.

Nwezeobi J, Onyegbule O, Nkere C, Onyeka, J, Brunschot VS, Seal S, Colvin J. Cassava whitefly species in eastern Nigeria and the threat of vector-borne pandemics from east and central Africa. Plos One. 2020;15(5):e0232616.

Khan IA, Wan FH. Life history of Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) biotype B on tomato and cotton host plants. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies. 2018;3:117–121.

Zhang X, Ferrante M, Wan F, Yang N, Lövei, GL. The parasitoid Eretmocerus hayati is compatible with barrier cropping to decrease whitefly (Bemisia tabaci MED) densities on cotton in China. Insects. 2020;11: 57.

Vafaie EK, Pemberton HB, Kerns D, Eubanks, MD, Heinz KM. Using multiple natural enemies to manage sweetpotato whiteflies (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) in commercial poinsettia (Malpighiales: Euphorbiaceae) production. Journal of Integrated Pest Management. 2021;12: 18.

Pereyra G, Martínez GN, Villalobos DLS Graciano RR, Montelongo AM, Roldan HM. Formulation of a bioinsecticide based on neem and chamomile used for the greenhouse control of the glasshouse whitefly Trialeurodes Vaporariorum Mod. Environmental science and Engineering. 2021;7:119–125.

Abubakar M, Koul B, Chandrashekar K, Raut A, Dhananjay Y. Whitefly (Bemisia tabaci Genn.) management strategies for sustainable agriculture –A Review. Agriculture. 2022;12(9):1317.

Whalon ME, Sanchez MD, Hollingworth RM, Gutierrez R. Michigan State University, Arthropod Pesticide Resistance Database; 2016.

Available: January 5

Hilje L, Heather S, Costa, Philip A, Stansly. Cultural practices for managing Bemicia tabaci (Genn.) and associated viral diseases. Crop Protection. 2001;20:801-812.

Muthukumaran N, Selvanarayanan V. Differential reaction of hybrid derivatives of Lycopersicon accessions against whitefly Bemisia tabaci Genn. South India. 2010;235-238.

Allen SJ. Genetic and induced resistance strategies for controlling Fusarium wilt of cotton. Proc. Second Australasian Soil borne Disease Symp. Victoria, Australia. 2001;59-60.

Amtmann A, Troufflard S, Armengaud P. The effect of potassium nutrition on pest and disease resistance in plants. Physiologia Plantarum. 2008;132: 682-691.

Zarasvanda AA, Allahyarib H, Fattah Hosseini S. Effect of nitrogen fertilization on biology, life table parameters and population abundance of greenbug; Schizaphis graminum (Rondani) (Hemiptera: Aphididae). Archives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection. 2013;46:882-889.

Muthukumaran N, Selvanarayanan V. Induction of resistance in tomato against Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner) using biofertilizers. Recent Research in science and Technology. 2009;1(1):1-3.

Williams J, Smith SG. Correcting potassium deficiency can reduce rice stem diseases. Better Crops. 2001;85:7–9.

Bala K, Sood AK, Pathania VS, Thakur S. Effect of plant nutrition in insect pest management: A review. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 2018;7(4): 2737-2742.

Roy D, Giri SG, Patel KH, Gohil H, Patel KP. The effect of potassium solubilizing bacteria (KSB) and its mechanisms for plant growth promotion, and future prospects - A review. International Journal of Pharmacy and Allied Sciences. 2020; 9(9): 2112-2123.

Meena VS, Maurya BR, Verma JP. Does a rhizospheric microorganisms enhance K+ availability in agricultural soils? Microbological Research. 2014;169(5-6):337-347.

Imas P. Potassium: The Quality Element in Crop Production. International Potash Institute, Switzerland. 2013;38.

Liu JL, Zhang HM, Chen X, Yang X, Wu JC. Effects of rice potassium level on the fecundity and expression of the vitellogenin gene of Nilaparvata lugens (Stal) (Hemiptera: Delphacidae). Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology. 2013;16: 411–414.

Marschner P. Marschner’s Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants. 3rd ed. Academic Press; London, UK. 2012;178–89.

Sarwar M. Effects of potassium fertilization on population build up of rice stem borers (Lepidopteron pests) and rice (Oryza sativa L.) yield. Journal of Cereals and Oilseeds. 2012;3:6–9.

Dedatta JG, Mikkelson DS. Potassium Nutrition in Rice. American Society of Agronomy; Madison, WI, USA. 1985;665–99.

Ravichandran M. Appropriate plant nutrition technologies for sustainable pest management. In:Narayanasamy, P. (Eds.) Organic Pest Management: Potentials and Applications, Satish Serial Publishing House, Delhi, India. 2010;333-44.

Prasad D, Singh R, Singh A. Management of sheath blight of rice with integrated nutrients. Indian Phytopathology. 2010; 63:11–15.

Rani U, Suresh K, Rajendran R. Impact of organic sources of nutrients along with the resistant sources for management of brown plant hopper and white backed plant hopper in rice. Nature Environment and Pollution Technology. 2007;6(1): 75-79.

Mariana S, Santos, Artur BL, Rondina, Macro A, Nogueria, Hungria M. Compatibility of Azospirillum brasilense with pesticides used for treatment of maize seeds. International Journal of Microbiology. 2020;1-8.

Hungria M, Campo RJ, Souza EM, Pedrosa FO. Inoculation with selected strains of Azospirillum brasilense and A. lipoferum improves yields of maize and wheat in Brazil. Plant and Soil. 2010;331 (1-2):413–425.

Fukami J, Ollero EJ, Megías M, Hungria M. Phytohormones and induction of plant-stress tolerance and defense genes by seed and foliar inoculation with Azospirillum brasilense cells and metabolites promote maize growth. AMB Express. 2017; 7:1–13.

Biswas S, Das k, Ghosh SK. Field efficacy of different insecticides and neem against Earias vittella (Fab.) on Okra. Journal of Entomological Research. 2009;33(4): 331-333.