Effect of Feeding Strategy of Probiotic Bacillus on Improving Water Quality and Growth Performance of Common carp (Cyprinus carpio) Fingerlings

PDF

Published: 2023-09-29

DOI: 10.56557/upjoz/2023/v44i213676

Page: 124-130


M. Barakath Nisha

Sri Paramakalyani Centre of Excellence in Environmental Sciences, Alwarkurichi, Tenkasi dt - 627412, Tamil Nadu, India.

J. Priyadarshini

Zoology Department and Research Centre, Sarah Tucker College (Autonomous), Tirunelveli- 627011, Tamil Nadu, India.

M. Muralidharan

Sri Paramakalyani Centre of Excellence in Environmental Sciences, Alwarkurichi, Tenkasi dt - 627412, Tamil Nadu, India.

R. Ajaz Haja Mohideen

PG and Research Department of Zoology, C. Abdul Hakeem College (Autonomous) Melvisharam, Ranipet dt- 632509, Tamil Nadu, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Bacterial probiotics (Bacillus subtilis) and dietary supplements improve the growth and biochemical performance of Common carp (Cyprinus carpio) fingerlings. Fish were nourished for 60 days with a control diet and experimental diets containing B. subtilis 106 to 109 CFU/ ml-l respectively. Dietary supplementation of B.  subtilis feeding trial was conducted for 60 days to improve water quality and growth parameters were observed through weight gain, Specific growth rates, and Percent survival of C. carpio fingerlings all through the test period.

Keywords: Probiotics, dietary supplement, B. subtilis, Cyprinus carpio


How to Cite

Nisha , M. B., Priyadarshini , J., Muralidharan, M., & Mohideen , R. A. H. (2023). Effect of Feeding Strategy of Probiotic Bacillus on Improving Water Quality and Growth Performance of Common carp (Cyprinus carpio) Fingerlings. UTTAR PRADESH JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY, 44(21), 124–130. https://doi.org/10.56557/upjoz/2023/v44i213676

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Low CF, Rozaini MZH, Musa N, Syarul Nataqain B. Current knowledge of metabolomic approach in infectious fish disease studies. J Fish Dis. 2017;40(10):1267–1277.

Lieke, Thomas Meinelt, Seyed Hossein Hoseinifar, Bo Pan, David L. Straus and ChristianE. W. Steinberg, Sustainable aquaculture requires environmental-friendlytreatment strategies for fish diseases, Reviews in Aquaculture. 2019;1–23. DOI: 10.1111/raq.12365.

Mishra V, Sharma R, Jaiswal M, Subramani SK, Yadav A, Rana S et al. A Review on Recently Explored Functional Aspects of Probiotics. Indian Journal of Pure and Applied Biosciences. 2020; 8(5):213-226.

Jahangiri L, Esteban MA. Administration of probiotics in the water in finfish aquaculture systems: a review. Fishes. 2018;3:30–33.

Sreenivasulu P, Suman Joshi D, Narendra K, Venkata Rao G, Krishna Satya A. Bacillus pumilus as a potential probiotic for shrimp culture. Int J Fish Aquat Stud. 2016;4:107–110.

APHA. Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater. American Public Health Association, Washington; 2017.

Markowiak P, Slizewska K. The role of probiotics, prebiotics and symbiotic in animal nutrition. Gut Pathogens. 2018;10:21.

Charo-Karisa H, Komen H, Reynolds S, Rezk MA, Ponzoni RW, Bovenhuis H. Genetic and environmental factors affecting growth of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) juveniles: Modelling spatial correlations between hapas. Aquaculture. 2006;255:586-596.

Kord MI, Maulu S, Srour TM, Omar EA, Farag AA, Nour AAM, Hasimuna OJ, Abdel-Tawwab M, Khalil HS. Impacts of water additives on water quality, production efficiency, intestinal morphology, gut microbiota, and immunological responses of Nile tilapia fingerlings under a zerowater- exchange system. Aquaculture. 2022;2021:737503.

Available:https:// doi. org/ 10. 1016/j. aquac ulture.

Rahman MM. Role of common carp (Cyprinus carpio) in aquaculture production systems, Frontiers in Life Science. 2015;8(4):399-410.

Sharma M, Thakur J. Effect of oxytetracyclin on behaviour of fish Cyprinus carpio. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies. 2020; 8(6):187-188.

Hura MU, Zafar T, Borana K, Prasad JR, Iqbal J. Effect of commercial probiotic Bacillus megaterium on water quality in composite culture of major carps. Int J Curr Agric Sci. 2018;8:268–273.

Hainfellner P, Cardozo M, Borzi M, Almeid AC, José L, Pizauro L, Schocken-Iturrino R, Costa G, de Avila F. Commercial probiotic increases survival rate and water quality in aquariums with high density of Nile tilapia larvae (Oreochromis niloticus). Int J Probiotics 13:139–142.

Gomes LC, Brinn RP, Marcon JL, Dantas LA, Brandão FR, Sampaio de Abreu J, McComb DM, Baldisserotto B. Using Efinol ® L during transportation of marbled hatchetfish, Carnegiella strigata (Günther). Aquac Res. 2008;39(12):1292–1298.

Zink IC, Benetti DD, Douillet PA, Margulies D, Scholey VP. Improvement of water chemistry with Bacillus probiotics inclusion during simulated transport of yellowfin tuna yolk sac larvae. N Am J Aquac. 2011;73(1):42–48.

Summerfelt ST, Zühlke A, Kolarevic J, Reiten BKM, Selset R, Gutierrez X, Terjesen BF. Effects of alkalinity on ammonia removal, carbon dioxide stripping, and system pH in semi-commercial scale water recirculating aquaculture systems operated with moving bed bioreactors. Aquacult Eng. 2015;65: 46–54.

Cha JH, Rahimnejad S, Yang S-Y, Kim K-W, Lee KJ. Evaluations of Bacillus spp. as dietary additives on growth performance, innate immunity and disease resistance of olive flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) against Streptococcus iniae and as water additives. Aquaculture. 2013;402:50–57.

Xie F, Zhu T, Zhang F, Zhou K, Zhao Y, Li Z. Using Bacillus amyloliquefaciens for remediation of aquaculture water. Springer Plus. 2013;2(1):1–5.

Mi J, Chen X, Liao X. Screening of single or combined administration of 9 probiotics to reduce ammonia emissions from laying hens. Poult Sci. 2019;98(9):3977–3988.

Anwar K, Safitri R, Fajriani N, Gifari ZA, Wariata IW, Rosyidi A, Amin M, Ali M. In vitro screening of ammonia and nitrite-degrading bacteria isolated from broiler chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus) intestines and pond sediment of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus): a preliminary study. IOP Conf Ser Earth Environ Sci; 2021. https:// doi. org/ 10. 1088/ 1755- 1315/ 913/1/ 012072.

Mujeeb Rahiman K, Jesmi Y, Thomas AP, Mohamed Hatha A. Probiotic effect of Bacillus NL110 and Vibrio NE17 on the survival, growth performance and immune response of Macrobrachium rosenbergii (de Man). Aquac Res. 2010;41(9):e120–e134.

Zorriehzahra MJ, Delshad ST, Adel M, Tiwari R, Kartik K, Dhama K et al. Probiotics as beneficial microbes in aquaculture: an update on their multiple modes of action: a review. Veterinary Quarterly. 2016;36(4):228-241.

Khademzade O, Zakeri M, Haghi M, Mousavi SM. The effects of water additive Bacillus cereus and Pediococcus acidilactici on water quality, growth performances, economic benefits, immunohematology and bacterial flora of whiteleg shrimp (Penaeus vannamei Boone, 1931) reared in earthen ponds. Aquac Res. 2020;51(5):1759–1770.

Munirasu S, Ramasubramanian V, Arunkumar P. Effect of Probiotics diet on growth and biochemical performance of freshwater fish Labeo rohita fingerlings. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies. 2017; 5(3):1374-1379.