Radiographic Identification of Dental Anomalies in Selected Telugu Population of Andhra Pradesh, India

Davuluri Rohitha *

Institute of Forensic Science, 15, Madame Cama Road, Mumbai, 400032, Maharashtra, India.

Malojirao S. Bhosale

Institute of Forensic Science, 15, Madame Cama Road, Mumbai, 400032, Maharashtra, India.

Rutuja Ghorpade

Pravara Institute of Medical Sciences, Loni, 413736, Maharashtra, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

The basic objective of any forensic examination involving unidentified human remains is to identify the individual(s). The forensic significance of teeth can be attributed to their strong resilience to explosive and thermal stress, as well as the possibly unique personal information that can be gleaned from their analysis. Furthermore, the morphology of teeth varies between (and within) populations and sexes. Anomalies in the teeth are a common component of macroscopic dental morphological differences. The current study assesses the incidence of certain dental abnormalities in Population of Andhrapradesh. This study was carried out using Pretreatment records of 630  patients of Andhra Pradesh, India. The Radiographs were reviewed for Dental Anomalies.The anomaly, number of teeth affected, and the location of Anomaly were recorded. To find correlations between dental abnormalities and gender, a Chi-square test was carried out using SPSS software. Of the 630 patients screened 427 (67.7%) presented with at least one anomaly and 203(32.3%) subjects showed no anomaly. Hypodontia is the most prevalent anomaly(38.25%) followed by Impaction(17.30%) and Rotation (17.14%). Anodontia(0.79%) and Hyperdontia(0.95%) are the least prevalent anomalies. Statistical study revealed that dental abnormalities were independent of sex. The prevalence and impact of dental anomalies in various population groups may provide important information for phylogenic and genetic studies, allowing us to comprehend intra and inter-population variation.

Keywords: Dental anomalies, hypodontia, impacted teeth, dental evidence, personal identification, radiographic study


How to Cite

Rohitha , D., Bhosale , M. S., & Ghorpade , R. (2023). Radiographic Identification of Dental Anomalies in Selected Telugu Population of Andhra Pradesh, India. UTTAR PRADESH JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY, 44(21), 150–157. https://doi.org/10.56557/upjoz/2023/v44i213682

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Krishan K, Kanchan T, Garg AK. Dental Evidence in Forensic Identification – An Overview, Methodology and Present Status. The Open Dentistry Journal. 2015;9(1):250–6.

Brough AL, Morgan B, Rutty GN. The basics of disaster victim identification. Journal of Forensic Radiology and Imaging. 2015;3(1):29–37.

Pretty I A, Sweet D. A look at forensic dentistry –The role of teeth in the determination of human identity. British Dental Journal. 2001;190(7):359–366.

Klein OD, Oberoi S, Huysseune A, Hovorakova M, Peterka M, Peterkova R. Developmental disorders of the dentition: An update. American Journal of Medical Genetics. 2013;163(4):318–332.

Puri P, Shukla S, Haque I. Developmental dental anomalies and their potential role in establishing identity in post-mortem cases: a review. Medico-Legal Journal. 2019; 87(1):13–8.

Patil S, Doni B, Kaswan S, Rahman F. Prevalence of dental anomalies in Indian population. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry. 2013;5:183-186.

Shpack N, Finkelstein T H, Lai Y M, Kuftinec M, Vardimon A, Shapira Y. Mandibular Permanent Second Molar Impaction Treatment Options and Outcome. Open Journal of Dentistry and Oral Medicine. 2013;1(1): 9–14.

Akkaya N, Arlin K, Özden K. Treatment of a Patient with Oligodontia: A Case Report. J Contemp Dent Pract. 2008;9(3):121–127.

Bedoya MM, Park JH. A Review of the Diagnosis and Management of Impacted Maxillary Canines. The Journal of the American Dental Association. 2009; 140(12):1485–1493.

Vani NV, Saleh SM, Tubaigy FM, Idris AM. Prevalence of developmental dental anomalies among adult population of Jazan, Saudi Arabia. The Saudi Journal for Dental Research. 2016;7(1):29–33.

Neville DW, Damm DD, Allen CM, Bouquot JE. Color Atlas of Clinical Oral Pathology. 2nd ed. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins; 1991.

Afify AR, Zawawi KH. The Prevalence of Dental Anomalies in the Western Region of Saudi Arabia. ISRN Dentistry. 2012;1–5.

Gamze Aren, Yeliz Güven, Ceren Güney Tolgay. The prevalence of Dental Anomalies in a Turkish population. J Istanbul Univ Fac Dent. 2015;49(3):23–3.

Gehm S, Crespi P V. Management of ectopic eruption of permanent molars. Compend Cont Educ Dent. 1997;18(6): 561-569.

Gupta SK, Saxena P, Jain S, Jain D. Prevalence and distribution of selected developmental dental anomalies in an Indian population. Journal of Oral Science. 2011;53(2):231–238.

Rajab LD, Hamdan MAM. Supernumerary teeth: Review of the literature and a survey of 152 cases. International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry. 2002;12(4):244–54.

Al-Jabaa AH, Aldrees AM. Prevalence of Dental Anomalies in Saudi Orthodontic Patients. The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice. 2013;14(4):724–730.

Sella Tunis T, Sarne O, Hershkovitz I. Dental Anomalies Characteristics. Diagnostics. 2021;11(7): 1161.

Vinjolli F, Zeqaj M, Dragusha E, Malara A, Danesi C, Laganà G. Dental anomalies in an Albanian orthodontic sample: a retrospective study. BMC Oral Health. 2023;23(1).

Rajshekar M, Mithun T, Idiculla J, Tennant M. Developmental anomalies of teeth and their applications in Forensic Odontology. European Journal of Forensic Sciences. 2016;3(2):39.

Sogra Y, Mahdjoube G M, Elham K, Shohre T M. Prevalence of dental anomalies in Iranian orthodontic patients. J Dent Oral Hyg. 2012;4(2):16–20.

Brook AH. Multilevel complex interactions between genetic, epigenetic and environmental factors in the aetiology of anomalies of dental development. Archives of Oral Biology 2009;54:S3–S17.

Dachi SF, Howell FV. A survey of 3,874 routine full-month radiographs. II. A study of impacted teeth. Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, and Oral Pathology. 1961;14: 1165–1169.

Tantanapornkul W. Prevalence and Distribution of Dental anomalies in Thai Orthodontic Patients. Int J Med Health Sci. 2015;4(2):165-172.

Prasad Rao P, Chidzonga M M. Supernumerary teeth: literature review. Central African Journal of Medicine. 2001; 47(1).

Tsai SJ, King NM. A catalogue of anomalies and traits of the permanent dentition of southern Chinese. J Clin Pediatr Dent. 1998;22(3):185-194.

Ardakani FE, Sheikhha MH, Ahmadi H. Prevalence of dental developmental anomalies: A radiographic study. Community Dental Health. 2007;24(3): 140.

Osuji OO, Hardie J. Prevalence of dental anomalies. Saudi Dent J. 2002;14(1):11-14.