Mugilidae and Chanidae Fish Seed Resources of the Kalingapatnam Estuary of Andhra Pradesh, East Coast of the India

V. Harathi

AU TDR HUB, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam, India.

K. Rama Rao *

Department of Zoology, Dr. V. S. Krishna Government Degree & PG College (A), Visakhapatnam, A.P., India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

The samples of wild fish seeds collected from the Kalingapatnam estuary throughout the study period from February 2022 to August 2023. In the present study the samples collected various seasons and measured the average minimum length ranged from 1.4±0.14 cm to 1.9±0.25 cm, the maximum length range was 2.4±0.14 cm to 3.5±0.27 cm and the mean value is 2.1-2.9 cms for Mugil spp. The average minimum length ranged from 1.2±0.09 cm to 1.6±0.12 cm, the maximum length range was 1.8±0.07 cms to 3.0±0.117 cms and the mean value is 1.5-2.8 cms for Liza spp. The average minimum length ranged from 1.4±0.14 cm to 1.9±0.25 cm, the maximum length range was 2.4±0.14 cm to 3.6±0.27 cm and the mean value is 2.0-2.8 cms for Chanos spp.  The present results clearly indicated that during the peak season lasting from April to July and the post monsoon ranging from October to March, the Mugil spp. contributed to 12.05%, Liza spp, contributed to 10.7%, Chanos spp. contributed to 07.85% and miscellaneous 69.6% was reported monthly and seasonally in the estuary. The present finding of one-way ANOVA, the p-value (0.189312) > α, H0, is accepted. The larger the p-value, the stronger it supports H0. The test statistic F equals 1.7198, which is in the 95% region accepted. The comparison of water quality parameters with mullet and milkfish seed and the average body length determine the difference between the averages, which reflects a real difference between the groups in the present study. The Pearson Correlation The coefficient of relationship between the variables for salinity and R value comparison with temperature, pH, transparency, and ammonia exhibited a positive correlation, and p values are significant at 0.05 levels, as discussed in this report.

Keywords: Wild fish seed, estuary, salinity, pH, dissolved oxygen, one-way ANOVA, pearson correlation


How to Cite

Harathi , V., & Rao , K. R. (2023). Mugilidae and Chanidae Fish Seed Resources of the Kalingapatnam Estuary of Andhra Pradesh, East Coast of the India. UTTAR PRADESH JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY, 44(21), 158–170. https://doi.org/10.56557/upjoz/2023/v44i213683

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Bardach JE, Ryther JH, Mclarnay WO. Aquaculture: The farming and husbandry of freshwater and marine organisms, Wiley Inter science, New York. 1972;868.

Muniyandi k. Studies on mangroves of Pichavaram (southeast coast of India). Ph.D. Thesis, Annamalai University. 1985; 215.

Jayasree Loka, Philipos KK. Transportation of fingerlings and juveniles of marine finfish. In: Handbook on Opensea Cage Culture. Philipose KK and Loka, Jayasree and Krupesha Sharma, S R and Damodaran, Divu (eds). (2. Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. 2012;77-83.

Prince - Jeyaseelan MJ, Krishnamurthy K. Role of mangrove forests of pichavaram as fish nurseries. Proceedings of the Indian National Science Academy. 1980;B46(1): A8-53.

Rama Rao K, Prasanna D. Mangrove – Ecology, Reyaans Publishers, Hyderabad; 2021, 1-84.

Paramasivam S, Kannan L. Physico-chemical characteristics of Muthupettai mangrove environment, Southeast coast of India. International Journal of Ecology and Environmental Scence. 2005;31:273-278.

Anulekshmi Chellappan, Sujith Sundaram, Kamble SD. Collection, transportation and stocking of fish seed. Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. 2014;29-34.

Gopalakrishnan V. Seed resources and bionomics of cultivable brackishwater fishes of India. Journal of the Inland Fisheries Society of India.1975;7: 142-155.

Santhosh BMK, Anil KN. Saleela S. Jasmine H. Jose Kingsly C. Unnikrishnan P. Hillary VP, Benzeger A. Udayakumar F, Muhammed Anzeer KS, Aneesh V, Greever Yoyak, Satheesh Kumar S. Seed collection, packing, transportation and stocking for capture based sea farming, Vizhinjam Research Centre of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. 2017; 181-185.

Arnesen AM, Toften H, Agustsson T, Handeland SO, Bjornsson BT. Osmoregulation, feed intake, growth and growth hormone levels in 0þ Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) transferred to seawater at different stages of smolt development. Aquaculture. 2003;222:167–187.

Gowans ARD, Armstrong JD, Priede IG. Mckelvey S. Movements of Atlantic salmon migrating upstream through a fish-pass complex in Scotland. Ecology of Freshwater Fish. 2003;12:177–189.

Eddy FBE. Ammonia in estuaries and effect on fish. Journal of Fish Biology. 2005;67(6):1495 – 1513.

Jayaram KC. The Freshwater Fishes of Indian Region Narendra Publication House, New Delhi, 2nd Edition; 2011.

Strickland JDH, Parsons TR. A practical handbook cf sea water analysis. Bulletin - Fisheries Research Board of Canada. 1972;167:310.

ICAR. Training Manual on seed production and culture of brackishwater candidate finfish species 3rd –Central Institute of Brackishwater Aquaculture Chennai; 2016.

Purushottama GBAP. Dineshbabu R. Saravanan G, Syda Rao. Seasonal abundance of commercially important finfish and shellfish seed resources in Shambhavi Estuary, Karnataka. Indian Journal of Fisheries. 2014;61(2):135-139.

Rao VP. On the seasonal abundance of larvae and juveniles of cultivable brackishwater fish in the Pulicat Lake. IPFC/C-70/SYM. 1970;30:1-23.

Asok Biswas. Fish Seed Collection and Transport in India. 2017;1-7.

Ashok Prabu VM. Rajkumar, Perumal P. Seasonal variations in physico-chemical parameters in Uppanar estuary, Cuddalore (southeast coast of India). Variations in physico-chemical parameters Journal of Marine Biology Association India. 2008; 50(2):161–165.

Rajasegar M. Physico-chemical characteristics of the Vellar estuary in relation to shrimp farming. Journal of Environmental Biology. 2003;24:95-101.

Rajesh KM, Sujitha Thomas AP, Dinesh babu, Prathibha Rohit B. Sridhara and Nataraja. Seasonal abundance and composition of finfish and shellfish seeds in mangroves of Gangolli estuary, off south-west coast of India. Journal of Environmental Biology. 2015;36:1367-1371.

Sridhar R, Thangaradjou T, Senthil Kumar S, Kannan L. Water quality and phytoplankton characteristics in the Palk Bay, southeast coast of India. J. Environ. Biol. 2006;27:561-566.

Govindasamy C, Kannan L, Jayapaul Azariah. Seasonal variation in physico-chemical properties and primary production in the coastal water biotopes of Coromandel coast, India. Journal of Environmental Biology. 2000;21:1-7.

Asha PS, Diwakar. Hydrobiology of the inshore waters off Tuticorin in the Gulf. Journal of Marine Biology Association India. 2007;49:7-11.

Natarajan P, Ramanathan N, Venkata K, Ramanujam. Fish and prawn seed resources of Tuticorin. Proc. Seminar on coastal and inland fish culture in Tamilnadu, Tuticorin. 1980;25:275-281.

Murugan A, Ayyakannu K. Ecology of Uppanar backwater, Cuddalore. I. Physico-chemical parameters. Mahasagar, Bull. Natl. Inst. Oceanography. 1991;24:31-38.

Gunter C. Some relationship with estuaries to the fisheries of Gulf of Maxio, Animal Association Advanced Science. 1967;83: 622-628.

Kinni O. The effect of temperature and salinity on marine and brackishwater animals. Oceangraphy and Marine Biology. Annual Review. 1963;1: 301-340.

Vijayakumar S, Rajesh KM, Mridula R. Mendon, Hariharan V. Seasonal distribution and behaviour of nutrients with reference to tidal rhythm in the Mulki Estuary, South-West Coast of India. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India. 2000;42(18~2):21 – 31.

Sarojini KK. On the collection, acclimatization and transport of mullet seed in West Bengal (India). Journal of Bombay Natural History Society. 1958; 55(1):42-53.