Enhancing Water Quality Management in Ornamental Fish Aquariums with Pot and Bamboo Filter Systems


Published: 2023-11-03

DOI: 10.56557/upjoz/2023/v44i223731

Page: 168-183

Navaneethan M.

Department of Zoology, Kongunadu Arts and Science College, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.

Raja S. *

Department of Zoology, Kongunadu Arts and Science College, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


The filtration of aquarium wastewater composed of a pot and bamboo is constructed for the purification of microbial activities and to reduce turbidity. The aquarium wastewater is treated with sand to reduce BOD and COD; the usage of coconut husk and vetiver act to decrease the turbidity, nitrite, and pH while raising DO level. Initially, sand was sieved to produce 12 size ranges between 180 and 2000 m. The effectiveness of each range in removing turbidity, BOD, and COD through sand beds 4 or 5 cm deep were tested. The critical size (300 & 425 m) at which no solid particles could penetrate through the sand bed was observed at 3 and 4 cm in depth, respectively. Moreover, the flow of solids through sand filter beds had all particles smaller than 180 m removed from them. A 2 cm bed of sand allowed 0.2-0.5% of solids to flow through, and a 4 cm bed allowed 0.07-0.1 %. Both fine and coarse sand layers are supported by a layer of gravel. In the column approach, the thickness and flow rate of each layer were fixed. The thickness of the layers of sand and charcoal were fixed at 4 cm and 6 cm, respectively. The findings of the column analysis, the combined filter showed decreases in turbidity by 48%, COD by 52%, BOD by 30%, and increasing DO by 48%, respectively. The results reveal that absorbing nutrients can serve as bio-filters to create better conditions for fish growth. The final weight, length, and SGR of fishes in the three aquariums were significantly different after seven weeks of trial, the treated aquarium showed the highest value than the control.

Keywords: Coconut husk, sand bed, turbidity, COD, BOD, SGR

How to Cite

Navaneethan M., & Raja S. (2023). Enhancing Water Quality Management in Ornamental Fish Aquariums with Pot and Bamboo Filter Systems. UTTAR PRADESH JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY, 44(22), 168–183. https://doi.org/10.56557/upjoz/2023/v44i223731


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