Foraminifera: A Proxy for Ecology, Climate Change and Its Associated Hydro−Environment

Ajhar Hussain *

Department of Geology, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, UP 202002, India.

Nepal Singh

Department of Geology, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, UP 202002, India.

Fatma Ahmed

Department of Microbiology, IIMT, Aligarh, UP 202001, India.

Nimra Ahsan

Department of Geology, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, UP 202002, India.

Ayan Ahmad

Department of Geology, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, UP 202002, India.

Nuzhat Fatima

Department of Geology, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, UP 202002, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Paleocanography, the study of ancient oceans, relies heavily on a wide range of proxies and methodologies to reconstruct past oceanic conditions. Among these tools, foraminifera, microscopic marine organisms with calcium carbonate shells, have played a pivotal role. Over the years, researchers have harnessed the insights provided by foraminifera to unlock the secrets of Earth's oceans throughout geological history. This comprehensive review explores the various ways in which foraminifera have been employed in paleocanography, shedding light on past climate, ocean circulation, ecology, and more. The application of foraminifera represents a sustainable approach with far-reaching implications for environmental, ecological, and geological research. Foraminifera, microscopic marine protists characterized by calcium carbonate shells, serve as valuable indicators of past and present environmental conditions. They are instrumental in the fields of paleoecology, stratigraphy, environmental impact studies, and ocean acidification research. This abstract highlights the sustainable aspect of using foraminifera as bioindicators to assess the health of marine ecosystems, monitor climate change, and investigate the impact of human activities. By providing insights into the past and present, foraminifera contribute to informed decision-making in conservation, resource management, and addressing critical environmental challenges. Their application stands as a testament to the enduring value of these microorganisms in understanding and safeguarding our planet's natural resources and ecosystems, exemplifying the sustainability of scientific research driven by a profound respect for the Earth's history and future well-being.

Keywords: Foraminifera, paleoecology, environment, marine, multi-proxies


How to Cite

Hussain, A., Singh , N., Ahmed, F., Ahsan , N., Ahmad , A., & Fatima , N. (2023). Foraminifera: A Proxy for Ecology, Climate Change and Its Associated Hydro−Environment. UTTAR PRADESH JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY, 44(23), 197–212. https://doi.org/10.56557/upjoz/2023/v44i233780

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Dolven JK, Alve E, Rygg B, Magnusson J. Defining past ecological status and in situ reference conditions using benthic foraminifera: A case study from the Oslofjord, Norway. Ecological Indicators. 2013;29:219-233.

Hess S, Alve E, Andersen TJ, Joranger T. Defining ecological reference conditions in naturally stressed environments—How difficult is it? Marine Environmental Research. 2020;156.

Francescangeli F, du Chatelet EA, Billon G, Trentesaux A, Bouchet V. Palaeo-ecological quality status based on foraminifera of Boulogne-sur-Merharbour (Pas-de-Calais, Northeastern France) over the last 200 years. Marine Environmental Research. 2016;117:32-43.

PolovodovaAsteman IP, Hanslik D, Nordberg K. An almost completed pollution-recovery cycle reflected by sediment geochemistry and benthic foraminiferal assemblages in a Swedish–Norwegian Skagerrak fjord. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 2015;95:126-140.

Klootwijk AT, Alve E, Hess S, Renaud PE, Sørlie C, Dolven JK. Monitoring environmental impacts of fish farms: Comparing reference conditions of sediment geochemistry and benthic foraminifera with the present. Ecological Indicators. 2021;120:106818.

Resig JM. Foraminiferal ecology around ocean outfalls off Southern California. Pergamon Press; 1960.

Kenigsberg C, Abramovich S, Hyams-Kaphzan O. The effect of long-term brine discharge from desalination plants on benthic foraminifera. PLoS ONE. 2020;15: 1-20.

Aloulou F, Elleuch B, Kallel M. Benthic foraminiferal assemblages as pollution proxies in the northern coast of Gabes Gulf, Tunisia. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment. 2012;184:777-795.

Brunner CA, Yeager KM, Hatch R, Simpson S, Keim J, Briggs KB, Louchouarn P. Effects of oil from the 2010 Macondo well blowout on marsh foraminifera of Mississippi and Louisiana, USA. Environmental Science & Technology. 2013;47:9115-9123.

Morvan J, Le Cadre V, Jorissen F, Debenay JP. Foraminifera as potential bio-indicators of the "Erika" oil spill in the Bay of Bourgneuf: Field and experimental studies. Aquatic Living Resources. 2004; 17:317-322.

Young CM, Schwing PT, Cotton LJ. Benthic foraminiferal morphological response to the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Marine Micropaleontology. 2021; 101971.

Bouchet VM, Debenay JP, Sauriau PG, Radford-Knoery J, Soletchnik P. Effects of short-term environmental disturbances on living benthic foraminifera during the Pacific oyster summer mortality in the Marennes-Oléron Bay (France). Marine Environmental Research. 2007;64:358-383.

Oron S, Angel D, Goodman-TchernoZ B, Merkado G, Kiflawi M, Abramovich S. Benthic foraminiferal response to the removal of aquaculture fish cages in the Gulf of Aqaba-Eilat, Red Sea. Marine Micropaleontology. 2014;107:P8-17.

Burone L, Valente P, Pires-Vanin AMS, De Melloe Sousa SH, Mahiques MM, Braga E. Benthic foraminiferal variability on a monthly scale in a subtropical bay moderately affected by urban sewage. Scientia Marina. 2007;71:775-792.

Hyams-Kaphzan O, Almogi-Labin A, Benjamini C, Herut B. Natural oligotrophy vs. pollution-induced eutrophy on the SE Mediterranean shallow shelf (Israel): Environmental parameters and benthic foraminifera. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 2009;58:1888-1902.

Debenay JP, Tsakiridis E, Soulard R, Grossel H. Factors determining the distribution of foraminiferal assemblages in Port Joinville Harbor (Ile d’Yeu, France): The influence of pollution. Marine Micropaleontology. 2001;43:75-118.

Martínez-Colón M, Hallock P, Green-Ruíz CR, Smoak JM. Benthic foraminifera as bioindicators of potentially toxic element (PTE) pollution: Torrecillas lagoon (San Juan Bay Estuary), Puerto Rico. Ecological Indicators. 2018;89:516-527.

Smith CW, Goldstein ST. The effects of selected heavy metal elements (arsenic, cadmium, nickel, zinc) on experimentally grown foraminiferal assemblages from Sapelo Island, Georgia and Little Duck Key, Florida, U.S.A. Journal of Foraminiferal Research. 2019;49:303-317.

Hart MB, Molina GS, Smart CW. Estuarine foraminifera from South West England: Impact of metal pollution in a mining heritage area. Journal of Sedimentary Environments. 2020;5:1-16.

Schiebel R. Planktic foraminiferal sedimentation and the marine calcite budget. Global Biogeochemical Cycles. 2002;16(4):3-1.

Grigoratou M, Monteiro FM, Wilson JD, Ridgwell A, Schmidt DN. Exploring the impact of climate change on the global distribution of non‐spinose planktonic foraminifera using a trait‐based ecosystem model. Global Change Biology. 2022; 28(3):1063-1076.

Ridgwell A, Zeebe RE. The role of the global carbonate cycle in the regulation and evolution of the Earth system. Earth and Planetary Science Letters.0 2005; 234(3-4):299-315.

Schiebel R, Movellan A. First-order estimate of the planktic foraminifer biomass in the modern ocean. Earth System Science Data. 2012;4(1):75-89.