Avian Diversity in Walayar Lake, Palaghat District, Kerala, India


Published: 2023-12-23

DOI: 10.56557/upjoz/2023/v44i243819

Page: 134-143

S. Selvamurugan *

Department of Zoology, Rajah Serfoji Government College (Autonomous), (Affiliated to Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirappalli), Thanjavur -613005, Tamil Nadu, India.

P. Mariappan

Department of Zoology, Rajah Serfoji Government College (Autonomous), (Affiliated to Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirappalli), Thanjavur -613005, Tamil Nadu, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Investigation of avian diversity and their natural ecosystem at the local and regional level is the first step to understand and classifying a specific region's ecological importance and, in this regard, the present work is undertaken. Walayar Lake is located at Westernghats having rich aquatic vegetation and harbors several kind animals including birds. The present study deals with the avifaunal diversity in and around the Walayar lake. A study on the avifauna diversity was conducted from January 2018 to December 2019. In this survey conducted for a period of 2 years, forty-three species of birds belong 14 different orders and 28 families were recorded. Of these 43 species, 19 were resident to this area. 9 were migrant species while 7 were winter migrant species, 6 local were migrant species and 2 were resistant migratory species. Regarding the occurrence, 28 species were common to the place, 7 species were uncommon, 3 were fairly common and 2 were found occasionally. Regarding feeding habits, 21 were insectivores, 13 species were carnivores, 6 were omnivores followed by 2 frugivores and 1 granivore. As per IUCN Status, 38 species are least concern (LC) and 5species near threatened (NT). There are so many conservation challenges such as anthropogenic alteration of the habitats in and around the lake is a major threat to the biodiversity of avifauna.

Keywords: Avifauna, diversity, Walayar lake, IUCN status

How to Cite

Selvamurugan, S., & Mariappan, P. (2023). Avian Diversity in Walayar Lake, Palaghat District, Kerala, India. UTTAR PRADESH JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY, 44(24), 134–143. https://doi.org/10.56557/upjoz/2023/v44i243819


Download data is not yet available.


Kumar P, Gupta SK. Diversity and abundance of wetland birds around Kurukshetra, India. Our Nature. 2009; 7:212-217.

Puri SD, Virani RS. Impact assessment of avifauna from the selected lakes around Adani thermal power station in Gondia district, MS, India. Int. J. of Life Sciences. 2017;(A8).

Melesse AM, Nangia V, Wang X, Mcclain M. Wetland restoration response analysis using modis and ground water data, sensors. 2007;7:916-1933.

Melesse AM, Oberg J, Beeri O, Nangia V, Baumgartner D. Spatiotemporal dynamic of evapotranspiration and vegetation at the glacial ridge prairie restoration. Hydrological Processes. 2006;20(7): 1451–1464.

Mansouri I, Squalli W, El Agy A. Avifauna diversity in the gate between humid atlas and saharan desert: Midelt Province, Morocco. International Journal of Zoology.2021:1-10.

Mounir M, Dakki M, Douini I. The avifauna of two high atlas valleys: Breeding assemblages in forest stands and open lands. Journal of Animal Behaviour and Biometeorology. 2022;10:2225.

Štrba Ľ, Kolačkovská J, Kudelas D. Geoheritage and Geotourism Contribution to Tourism Development in Protected Areas of Slovakia—Theoretical Considerations. Sustainability. 2020;12: 2979.

Marafa LM. Natural resource evaluation for ecotourism and geotourism destination in Hong Kong. In: Thakur B, Thakur RR, Chattopadhyay S, Abhay RK (eds) resource management, sustainable development and governance: Indian and international perspectives. Springer International Publishing, Cham. 2021:461–473.

Chaudhary S, Kumar A, Pramanik M, Negi MS. Land evaluation and sustainable development of ecotourism in the Garhwal Himalayan region using geospatial technology and analytical hierarchy process. Environ Dev Sustain. 2022;24:2225–2266.

Savard LJ, Clergeau P, Mennechez G. Biodiversity concept and urban ecosystem. Landscape and Urban Planning. 1998;48(3-4):131-142.

Sauvjot RM, Buechner M, Kamradt DA, Schonerwald CM. Patterns of human disturbances and response by small mammals and birds, in chaparral near urban development. In: Urban Ecosystem. 1998;2:279-297.

Datta T. Human interference and avifaunal diversity of two wetlands at Jalpaiguri, West Bengal, India. J. of Threatened Taxa. 2011;3(12):2253-2262.

Ali S, Ripley SD. Compact handbook of the birds of india and pakistan together with those of Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan and Sri lanka. Oxford University Press, Delhi; 1987.

Saunders SA, Hobbs RJ, Margules CR. Biological consequences of ecosystem fragmentation: a review. Conservation Biology. 1991;5(1):18-32.

Grimm N, Faeth S, Golubiewski N. Global change and the ecology of cities science.2008;319:756–760

Buyantuyev, Wu Urban Heat islands and landscape heterogeneity: Linking spatiotemporal variations in surface temperatures to land-cover and socioeconomic patterns. Landscape Ecol. 2009;25:17–33

DOI 10.1007/s10980-009-9402-4.

Rais in Kerala, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu: What is the status of dams? The news minute; 2019.

Ali S. The book of indian birds. 13th Ed. Mumbai: Bombay Natural History Society; 1883.

Grimmett R, Inskipp C, Inskipp T birds of the Indian subcontinent. 2nd ed. London wcib 3dp: Christopher Helm; 2011

A buji Kumar. A check list of avifauna of the Bharathapula river basin, Kerala. Zoos Print Journal. 2006;8(21):2350-2355. Available: https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.8573.15.11.24169-24183.

Ipsita Maity, Sudeshna Ghoshal. A brief survey of the migratory and resident water-birds of mangalajodi village, Odisha. International Journal of Zoology Studies. 2018;3;(2):299-303.

Abdar Mohan Ramchandra. Diversity and richness of bird species in newly formed habitatsof chandoli national park in Western Ghats, Maharashtrastate, India. Biodiversity Journal. 2013;4 (1): 235-242.

MN Harisha. Assessment of status, diversity and threats of wetland birds of bathi lake, Doddabathi village, Davanagere district, Karnataka, India. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies. 2016;4(4):586-590.

Binu Chullakkattil, K Seedikkoya. Avifauna of kottuli wetland, Calicut, north Kerala. International Journal of Zoology Studies. 2017;2;(5):171-174.

Parimala B, Asiya Nuzhat FB, avifaunal diversity and status of bhimasandra pond, tumakuru district, karnataka, India. International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology. 2018;7(4).

Jayanta Mistry. Avifaunal diversity in and around Berhampore, Murshidabad district, West Bengal, India. International Journal of Fauna and Biological Studies. 2015;2(4):06-10.

Bassouvalingam Kumaran, Inbanathan Jagannathan, Jayaraman Nadarajan, Status of avifauna of Ousudu lake, Puducherry, India. International Journal of Research in Bio Sciences. 2012;1(2): 38-46.

Durairaj P Maniarasan U, Nagarajan N. Study on avifaunal diversity from Thiruthalaiyur lake tiruchirapalli forest division, Tamil Nadu. Journal of Environmental Science, Toxicology and Food Technology. 2017;11(12): 67-71.

Puri SD, Virani RS, Diversity and status of avifauna from Bodalkasa lake in Gondia district, Maharashtra, India. Int. J. of Life Sciences.2016;4(2):256-262.

Harisha MN, BB Hoset. Status and conservation issues of wetland birds in Komaranahalli lake, davanagere district, karnataka, india. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 2018;10(2):11290–11294.


Vincy MV, Brilliant R, Prasanth Narayanan S, Pradeepkumar AP. Checklist of riparian avifauna of meenachil river basin, Kerala, South India. International Journal of Fauna and Biological Studies. 2016;3 (2):24-28.

Ibouh H, Michard A, Charrière A. Tectonic–karstic origin of the alleged “impact crater” of lake isli (Imilchil district, High Atlas, Morocco). Comptes Rendus Geoscience. 2014;346:82–89.

Mansouri I, Squalli W, Achiban H. Segregation of breeding habitats and feeding resources among five north african game species in midelt province, Morocco. Biologia. 2022;77:137–148.