Distribution Pattern of Avian Species in Sultanpur National Park, Haryana, India with Special Reference to Residential and Migratory

Shiv Kumar

Institute of Allied Medical Science and Technology, NIMS University Rajasthan, Jaipur Rajasthan- 303121, India.

Sonalika Singh

Institute of Allied Medical Science and Technology, NIMS University Rajasthan, Jaipur Rajasthan- 303121, India.

Laxmi Kant Sharma

Department of Zoology, Rama Devi Mahila P.G. Mahavidyalaya Harnathpura (Nua), Jhunjhunu Rajasthan – 333041, India.

Dau Lal Bohra *

Department of Zoology, Seth Gyaniram Banshidhar Podar College, Nawalgarh, Jhunjhunu Rajasthan – 333042, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

From September 2021 to March 2023, we embarked on a journey to document the avian wealth of Sultanpur National Park in Haryana, India. Our survey revealed a stunning tapestry of 105 bird species, representing 16 orders and 40 families. While 108 species held Least Concern status, two precious residents, the Saras Crane (Grus antigone) and White-necked Stork (Ciconia episcopus), teetered on the edge of vulnerability, facing mounting threats. The Indian Silverbill, Scaly-breasted Munia, Plain Martin, Wire-Tailled Swallow, and Bay-backed Shrike joined their ranks, listed as vulnerable in the IUCN Red Data Book. Our research suggests that Sultanpur National Park holds the potential to become a haven for these at-risk species. With dedicated efforts to ensure year-round water availability and the strategic planting of native trees like Ficus religiosa, Ficus bengalensis, Azadirachta indica, Acasia nilotica, and Mangifera indica, we can create a sanctuary for Painted Storks, White-necked Storks, and Black-necked Storks. Additional platforms could further encourage the proliferation of Saras Cranes and White-necked Storks, giving them the perfect stage to raise their young.

This study serves as a call to action, both for the public and the state government to up their game in the area of conservation of wildlife species. By understanding the park's rich avian tapestry and the dangers it faces, we can mobilize support for its conservation. Protecting Sultanpur National Park and its irreplaceable birdlife is not just a responsibility, but a privilege. Let us join hands to ensure the skies above this national treasure remain forever filled with the songs and wings of its feathered residents.

Keywords: Distribution pattern, Saras Crane, avian species, white-necked stork


How to Cite

Kumar, S., Singh, S., Sharma , L. K., & Bohra , D. L. (2024). Distribution Pattern of Avian Species in Sultanpur National Park, Haryana, India with Special Reference to Residential and Migratory. UTTAR PRADESH JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY, 45(2), 23–41. https://doi.org/10.56557/upjoz/2024/v45i23863

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Shekhawat DS, Bhatnagar C. Guild, status, and diversity of avian fauna in the Jhunjhunu district, Rajasthan, India. Journal of Asia-Pacific Biodiversity. 2014;7:262-267 Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.japb.2014.06.001

Young AC, Cox WA, McCarty JP, Wolfenbarger LL.. Post fledging habitat selection and survival of Henslow’s Sparrow: management implications for a critical life stage. Avian Conservation and Ecology. 2019;14:1-13.

Boyce MS, Johnson CJ, Merrill EH, Nielsen SE, Solberg EJ Moorter VB. Can habitat selection predict abundance? Journal of Animal Ecology. 2016;85:11-20. Available:https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-265 6.12359

Bailey BA, King DI. Habitat selection and habitat quality for wintering wood thrushes in a coffee growing region in Honduras. Global Ecology and Conservation. 2019;20:1-10.

Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gecco.2019.e00728

Rahman F, Ismail A. Waterbirds: An important bio-indicator of ecosystem. Pertanika Journal of Scholarly Research Reviews. 2018;4:81-90.

Pattimahu DV, Bone I, Mardiatmoko G, Kastanya A. A study of strategic plan for Forest Stand Conservation in the Nature Reserve of Taliabu Island. Asian Journal of Conservation Biology. 2017;6 (2): 73-80.

Kaushik TK, Gupta RC. Status and Diversity of Avifauna in Sultanpur National Park in Gurgaon District-Haryana, India. Indian Forester. 2016;142:989- 998.

Torre-Cuadros MDLAL S. Herrando-Perez, Young KR. Diversity and structure patterns for tropical montane and premontane forests of central Peru, with an assessment of the use of higher-taxon surrogacy. Biodiversity and Conservation. 2007;16:2965–2988.

Kumar P, Gupta SK.. Status of wetland birds of Chhilchhila Wildlife Sanctuary, Haryana, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 2013;5:3969-3976. Available:https://doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.o3158.3969-76

Chopra G, Tyor AK, Kumari S, Rai D.. Status and conservation of avian fauna of Sultanpur National Park Gurgaon, Haryana (India). Journal of Applied and Natural Science. 2012;4:207-213.

Available:https://link.springer.com/ content/pdf/10.1007/s12595-013-0094-z.pdf

Chopra G, Tyor AK. Kumari S. A study on wetland avian species of Sultanpur National Park Gurgaon, Haryana (India). The Ecoscan. 2013;7:21-26.

Banerjee P, Pal A. A note on Sultanpur National Park, the Bird Paradise of Haryana. Sarovar Saurabh. 2016;13(3):7-10.

Grimmett R, Inskipp C. Inskipp T. Birds of the Indian Subcontinent: India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and the Maldives. Bloomsbury Publishing. IUCN 2020. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version. 2019-3.

Kumar P, Sahu S. Avian Diversity in Agricultural Landscapes of District Panipat, Haryana, India. Asian Journal of Conservation Biology. 2019;8(2):188-198.

Rahmani AR, Islam MZ, Kasambe RM. Important bird and biodiversity areas in india: priority sites for conservation (Revised and updated). Bombay Natural History Society, Indian Bird Conservation Network, Royal Society for the Protection of Birds and BirdLife International (U.K.). 2016;1992:xii.

Singh P, Javed S, Shashtri S, Singh RP, Vishwakarma CA, Mukherjee S. Influence of changes in watershed land use pattern on the wetland of Sultanpur National Park, Haryana using remote sensing techniques and hydro chemical analysis. Remote Sensing Application: Society and Environment. 2017;7:84-92. Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rsase. 2017.07.002