Perceptions of Farmers Regarding the Opportunities and Obstacles in Utilizing Indigenous Fish Species within Assam's Aquaculture Industry

Bhaskar Chakravarty *

Department of Life Science and Bioinformatics, Assam University, Diphu Campus, Assam, India.

Ajit K. Tamuli

Department of Life Science and Bioinformatics, Assam University, Diphu Campus, Assam, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Background: Assam is blessed with over 200 fish species.  The perceptions of fish farmers in  Nalbari and Barpeta districts of central Assam regarding the opportunities and challenges of utilizing indigenous fish species (IFS) for aquaculture have been discussed.

Methodology: Utilizing a combination of purposive and random sampling techniques, data was collected from 120 fish farmers across Barpeta and Nalbari districts. Pertinent information was gathered from fish farmers (n=240) combined in the districts of Barpeta and Nalbari. To rank the causal factors based on the responses from the respondents, subsequently calculate the Rank Based Quotient (RBQ).

Results and Discussion: High demand, market value, and potential returns as key prospects driving farmer preferences for indigenous fish species cultivation. However, high capital investment, inadequate technical support, flood, quality seed etc. were found as significant challenges in the study areas. These factors are negatively impacting farmers, hindering their ability to achieve anticipated fish yields and income. The study focused on addressing these challenges through integrated, multidisciplinary management plan on resource conservation together with geo-environmental, eco-biological and socio-cultural integrity.

Keywords: Indigenous fish culture, farmers’ perception, management plan, Assam


How to Cite

Chakravarty , B., & Tamuli, A. K. (2024). Perceptions of Farmers Regarding the Opportunities and Obstacles in Utilizing Indigenous Fish Species within Assam’s Aquaculture Industry. UTTAR PRADESH JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY, 45(7), 99–108. https://doi.org/10.56557/upjoz/2024/v45i73981

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