Spreading Status of Hepatitis B Virus in Patients Attending Shone Primary Hospital from 2013-2015 E.C, Hadiya Zone, Central Ethiopia

Denebo Sebaro Wanore

Department of Biology, College of Natural and Computational Sciences, Wachemo University, P.O. Box.667, Hossana, Ethiopia.

Emebet Melese Haile

Department of Medical Laboratory Science, College of Medicine and Health Science, Wachemo University, P.O.Box.667, Hossana, Ethiopia.

Abdulfeta Bilal Assefa

Department of Information Technology, College of Engineering and Technology, Wachemo University, Ethiopia, P.O.Box.667, Hossana, Ethiopia.

Redait Demissie Lakwe

Department of Information Systems, College of engineering and Technology, Wachemo University, P.O.Box.667, Hossana, Ethiopia.

Molito Horamo Katore

Department of Information Technology, College of Engineering and Technology, Wachemo University, Ethiopia, P.O.Box.667, Hossana, Ethiopia.

Mekuriaw Kassie Ademe

Department of Software Engineering, College of Engineering and Technology, Wachemo University, Ethiopia, P.O.Box.667, Hossana, Ethiopia.

Solomon Demeke Ofole *

Department of Computer Science, College of Engineering and Technology, Wachemo University, Ethiopia, P.O.Box.667, Hossana, Ethiopia.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Hepatitis virus is an inflammation of liver grouped among a member of hepadnavirus family with partially double stranded circular DNA genome, whose envelope contains protein called surface antigen. Due to existence of transmission methods within day to day activity, due to lack of knowledge, misuse of drugs of HBV and carelessness of health professionals we committed assessment of spreading status of HBV in Shone primary Hospital, to imprint knowledge among society, to recommend health professionals and concerning bodies too. This study was based on stratified and purposeful sampling. It proceeded with sex (male and female) and age group (<5, 6-15, 16-25, 26-35 and >36) as variables. During this study secondary data from 2013-2015E.C was used from the Hospital’s record office and laboratory registration books. As a result, age groups of <5, 6-15, 16-25, 26-35 and >36 were founded with 9.65%, 14.9%, 31.6 %, 24.44% and 18.41% among 114 positive patients in 2013 E.C, 9.4%, 12.75%, 41.6%, 27.5% and 8.75% among 149 positive patients in 2014 E.C and 8.5%, 16.33%, 34%, 23.53% and 17.64% among 153 positive patients in 2015 E.C respectively.  And over all of 18.96% among patients examined for HBV were positive. 2.53% average increment for successive years and 5.52% and 2.2% annual increments was seen among females. Generally, lack of knowledge, unsafe blood transfusion, sexual intercourse, misuse of drugs and others were present among dwellers. So, knowledge imprinting,  planning, wise use of drugs, punishing illegal, traditional peoples working with blood and contact without permission was needed to eradicate spread of disease.

Keywords: Age group, blood transfusion, hepatitis B Virus, patients, surface antigen


How to Cite

Wanore, D. S., Haile, E. M., Assefa, A. B., Lakwe , R. D., Katore, M. H., Ademe , M. K., & Ofole , S. D. (2024). Spreading Status of Hepatitis B Virus in Patients Attending Shone Primary Hospital from 2013-2015 E.C, Hadiya Zone, Central Ethiopia. UTTAR PRADESH JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY, 45(8), 189–197. https://doi.org/10.56557/upjoz/2024/v45i84013

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