Diversity of Freshwater Turtles Melanochelys trijuga in and Around Sankarapuram Wetland Complex on Kallakurichi District, Tamil Nadu, India

P. Nithya *

PG and Research Department of Zoology, Vivekanandha College of Arts and Sciences for Women (Autonomous), Tiruchengode-637205, Tamil Nadu, India.

P. Jasmin

PG and Research Department of Zoology, Vivekanandha College of Arts and Sciences for Women (Autonomous), Tiruchengode-637205, Tamil Nadu, India.

P. Hemalakshmi

PG and Research Department of Zoology, Vivekanandha College of Arts and Sciences for Women (Autonomous), Tiruchengode-637205, Tamil Nadu, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

India is one of the most species-rich regions of freshwater turtles in the world, also, they are being collected, for slaughter, eaten, and traded in huge numbers. The scope of this study on Melanochelys trijuga, also known as the Indian Black Turtle, focuses on collecting comprehensive information about the species in India, specifically in Tamil Nadu, with a special emphasis on Sankarapuram.The study aims to address the lack of current data about this turtle species and contribute to the understanding of its taxonomy, distribution, habitat, behavior, and conservation status. Various methods are employed in this study such as visual sighting of habitat to encounter the target animal, and, indirectly through interview-based survey information from local communities. Visual survey was conducted on 20 locations of the sankarapuram study area. On the surveyed 20 locations the tortoise was observed in five locations viz. two Coconut farm, two ordinary well which used for irrigation purpose and a lake side muddy shallow area. Totally 10 individuals were observed in this study period. We had an opportunity to examine the specimens very closely once it comes out behind the open well. The captured specimens were later examined by comparison with the standard key characteristics and manuals in order to identify the specimen and found as Melanochelys trijuga species. In this study we observed both male and female individuals. The individuals are found as adults. The characteristics and ecology information were compared with the existing data in previous record and publications and manuals. Obtained Melanochelys trijuga species was found as Nearly Threatened status in the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) category.

Keywords: Coconut farm, Indian black turtle, Melanochelys trijuga, ordinary well, turtle


How to Cite

Nithya , P., Jasmin, P., & Hemalakshmi, P. (2024). Diversity of Freshwater Turtles Melanochelys trijuga in and Around Sankarapuram Wetland Complex on Kallakurichi District, Tamil Nadu, India. UTTAR PRADESH JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY, 45(11), 111–118. https://doi.org/10.56557/upjoz/2024/v45i114077

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