Impact of Raoiella indica Hirst (Acari: Tenuipalpidae) Infestation on Nitrogen Concentration of Areca catechu L.

Prabheena P *

Department of Zoology, The Zamorin’s Guruvayurappan College, Kerala-673014, India.

Ramani N

Division of Acarology, Department of Zoology, University of Calicut, Kerala-673635, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Different tenuipalpid phytophagous mites might infest the foliage and nuts of the areca palm and cause significant damage. Raoiella indica (Hirst), has been known as a serious pest of areca palm. In the present study, concentration has been fixed on exploring the feeding impact of R. indica through the quantitative estimation of nitrogen concentration of mite-infested and uninfested leaves by ‘Kjeldahl method (1883)’. Results of the study have exposed that the feeding activity of the mite on the leaves of A. catechu has induced severe reduction in the levels of ‘total nitrogen’. The percentage loss of ‘total nitrogen’ was estimated to be 37- 62% in RPM-infested Areca leaves. Loss of nitrogen content as evidenced during the present study disclosed the potential of R. indica on A. catechu.

Keywords: Raoiella indica, areca catechu, tenuipalpidae, total nitrogen, kjeldahl method


How to Cite

Prabheena P, & Ramani N. (2024). Impact of Raoiella indica Hirst (Acari: Tenuipalpidae) Infestation on Nitrogen Concentration of Areca catechu L. UTTAR PRADESH JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY, 45(11), 256–261. https://doi.org/10.56557/upjoz/2024/v45i114093

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Welbourn C. Red palm mite Raoiella indica (Acari:Tenuipalpidae). Pest Alert. DPI-FDACS; 2006. Available:http://www.doacs.state.fl.us/pi/enpp/ento/r.indica.html (Accessed October 10, 2008).

Sudheendrakumar V, Sankaran KV, Mujeeb Rahman P, Natural enemies of Red Palm Mite in India. KFRI Research Report No. 2010;408.

Flechtmann CHW, Etienne J. The red palm mite, Raoiella indica Hirst, a threat to palms in the Americas (Acari: Prostigmata: Tenuipalpidae). Systamatic and Applied Acarology 2004;9:109-10.

Puttarudraiah M, Channabasavanna GP, Some new insect and mite pests of areca palm. Mysore Journal of Agricultural Science. 1956;7: 9-10.

Patel GI, Rao KSN. Important diseases and pests of arecanut and their Control. Arecanut Journal. 1958;9:89-96.

Yadavbabu RK, Manjunatha M, Seasonal incidence of mite population in arecanut. Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Science. 2007;20:401- 2.

Nagesha Chandra BKN, Channabasavanna GP, Development and ecology of Raoiella indica Hirst (Acari:Te nuipalpidae) on coconut. In D. A. Griffiths and C. E. Bowman [eds.], Acarology .VI,2. 1984:785-798.

Ochoa R, Beard JJ, Bauchan GR, Kane EC, Dowling APG, Erbe EF. Herbivore exploits chink in armor of Host. American Entomon. 2011;57(1):26-29.

Prabheena P, Ramani N. Effect of Raoiella Indica Hirst (Acari: Tenuipalpidae) Infestation on Chlorophyll and Photosynthetic Efficiency of Areca Catechue. International Journal of Environment, Agriculture and Biotechnology. 2016;1(4):238601.

Beard JJ, Ochoa R, Bauchan G, Trice M, Redford A, Walters T, Mitter C. Flat mites of the world; 2012. Available:http://idtools.org/id/mites/flatmites/ (Accessed Apr 2012).

Meena G, Sadana GL. Quantitative changes in some biochemical components of Coleus sp. in response to infestation by Brevipalpus obovatus (Acari:Tenuipalpidae). Indian Journal of Acarology. 1983;8(1):22–30.

Chatterjee, Gupta SK. Depletion of mineral, inorganic and organic compounds in leaves of sponge gourd (Luffa acutangula Roxb) due to feeding of mite Tetranychus ludeni. Journal of Entomological Research. 1997;21(3):233–235.

Vibija CP, Ramani N. Injurious status of Schizotetranychus schizopus (Zacher,1913) (Acari: Tetranychidae) on Indian Thorny Bamboo. Systematic and Applied Acarology. 2021;26(2):343-352.