Developmental and Cytogenetic Toxicity of 3D Printing Material on Sea Urchin (Arbacia lixula)

Özlem Çakal Arslan *

Department of Marine and Inland Water Science and Technology, Faculty of Fisheries, Ege University, 35100 Bornova, Izmir, Turkey.

Kaan Arslan

ITU Development Foundation Schools, 35410 Menderes, Izmir, Turkey.

Başak Topcu

ITU Development Foundation Schools, 35410 Menderes, Izmir, Turkey.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


In this study the ecotoxicity of 3D printing material [polylactic acid (PLA) investigated with marine echinoderm; sea urchin Arbacia lixula. To achieve this goal, (i) fertilization success, spermiyotoxicity and embriyotoxicity exposed to PLA concentrations (0.001, 0.005, 0.01, 0.1 and 1 g/L) were assessed for 72 h. For this purpose, our study is important to make comprehensive evaluations to ensure the safety of bioplastic formulations and to take measures to regulate the use of additives. At the same time, the additive used to increase the durability of bioplastic materials will also allow us to understand the long-term effects on ecosystems, wildlife and human health. Our aim is to minimize possible harm and ensure that the overall environmental impact of bioplastics remains positive.

Keywords: 3D printing, polylactic acid (PLA), sea urchin

How to Cite

Arslan, Özlem Çakal, Arslan, K., & Topcu, B. (2024). Developmental and Cytogenetic Toxicity of 3D Printing Material on Sea Urchin (Arbacia lixula). UTTAR PRADESH JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY, 45(12), 252–260.


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