BUTTERFLY DIVERSITY IN COTTON UNIVERSITY CAMPUS, GUWAHATI, ASSAM, INDIA

Main Article Content

PUJA BISHAYA
KAROBI SAIKIA
RENU GOGOI

Abstract

The butterfly diversity was surveyed in Cotton University Campus, Guwahati, Assam. A total of 39 species and 511 individuals were recorded, Psyche being the most dominant butterfly species (n=47). The maximum number of species encountered was in family Nymphalidae (n=14) while minimum in family Hesperidae (n=3). Number of individuals encountered was maximum in family Pieridae (n=158) while minimum in family Hesperidae (n=4). Diversity was most in the family Nymphalidae (H=2.33, D=8.81) while least in family Hesperiidae (H=1.04, D=2.67). Evenness was maximum in the family Hesperiidae, (EH=0.95, ED=0.89) while minimum in family Papilionidae. (EH = 0.73 and ED= 0.55).

Keywords:
Butterfly, hesperidae, nyhmphalidae, papilionidae, pieridae

Article Details

How to Cite
BISHAYA, P., SAIKIA, K., & GOGOI, R. (2021). BUTTERFLY DIVERSITY IN COTTON UNIVERSITY CAMPUS, GUWAHATI, ASSAM, INDIA. UTTAR PRADESH JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY, 42(24), 396-403. Retrieved from http://mbimph.com/index.php/UPJOZ/article/view/2714
Section
Original Research Article

References

Evan WH. The Identification of Indian Butterflies, Bombay Natural History Society, Bombay, 2nd edition, international book Distributors, 9/3, Rajpur Road, (first floor0, Dehradhun-248001, India. xxxii Pls. and ix Text, figure. 1932. p. 454.

Kumar A. Butterfly abundance and species diversity in some urban habitats. International Journal of Advanced Research. 2014;2(6):367-374.

Kunte K. Butterflies of Peninsular India. Indian Academy of Sciences, Bangalore, University press. 2000. p. 270.

Kunte K. Seasonal patterns in butterfly abundance and species diversity in four tropical habitats in Northern Western Ghats. Journal od Bioscience. 1997;22(5):593-603.

Vidya RA. Butterflying in Namdapha. Hornbill (4). Pp. 4-5. In:Wilson, EO (ed.). The little things that run the world (the importance and conservation of Invertebrates). Conservation Biology. 1996;1:344-346.

Kakati M. Diversity of Tropical butterflies in urban altered forest at Guwahati University campus, Jalukbari, Assam, India. Journal of Global Biosciences. 2014;3(2):452-463.

Larsen TB. The butterflies of the Nilgiri mountains of the Southern India (Lepidoptera:Rhopalocera). Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society. 1988;84(3):560-584.

Kocher SD, Williams EH. The diversity and abundance of North American butterflies vary with habitat distribution and geography. Journal of Biogeography. 2000;27:785- 794.

Sawchik J, Dufrene M, Lebrun P. Distribution patterns and indicator species of butterfly assemblages of wet meadows in southern Belgium. Belgian Journal of Zoology. 2005;135:43-52.

Erhardt A. Diurnal Lepidoptera:sensitive indicators of cultivated and abandoned grassland. Journal of Applied Ecology. 1985;849-861.

Dover JW, Sparks TH, Greatorex-Davies JN. The importance of shelter for butterflies in open landscapes. Journal of Insect Conservation. 1997;1(2):89-97.

Mac Nally R, Fleishman E. A successful predictive model of species richness based on indicator species. Conservation Biology. 2004;18:646-634.

Blair RB. Birds and butterflies along an Urban Gradient:Surrogate Taxa for Assessing Biodiversity? Ecological Application. 1999;9(1):164-170.

Pollard E. Synchrony of population fluctuations:the dominant influence of widespread factors on local butterfly populations. Oikos. 1991;60(1):7-10.

Mennechez G, Schtickzelle N, Baguette M. Metapopulation dynamics of the bog fritillary butterfly:comparison of demographic parameters and dispersal between a continuous and a highly fragmented landscape. Landscape Ecology. 2003;18:279-291.

Betrus CJ, Fleishman E, Blair RB. Crosstaxonomic potential and spatial transferability of an umbrella species index. Journal of Environmental Management. 2005;74:79-87.

Kehmikar I. The book of the Indian Butterflies. Bombay Natural History Society and Oxford University Press, Mumbai. 2008;497.

Khan MI, Ullah H, Suleman S, Khan MAS, Muhammad N, Zada S, Hussain S. A review on diversity of butterfly fauna of Pakistan. World Journal of Zoology. 2015;10:313-317.

Puzari M, Dutta MP, Gogoi S. Diversity analysis of butterflies in Dibrugarh University campus, Assam of North-East India. NeBIO, 2020;11(1):xx-xx.

Bora A, Meitei LR. Diversity of butterflies (order:Lepidoptera) in Assam University campus and its vicinity, Cachar District, Assam, India. Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Science. 2014;5(3):328-339.

Bhuyan M, Bhattacharyya PR, Kanjilal PBB. Butterflies of the regional research laboratory campus, Jorhat, Assam. Zoo’s Print Journal. 2005;20(6):1910-1911.

Kaushik KK, Sahu P, Chutia BC. Diversity and abundance of butterflies in and around Sivasagar tank (Borpukhuri), in Sivasagar District, Assam, India. Ecology, Environment and Conservation. 2020;26(1):135-141.

Bohra SC, Purkayastha J. An insight into the butterfly (Lepidoptera) diversity of an urban landscape:Guwahati, Assam, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 2021;13(2):17741-17752.

Chetia C, Azad S. Butterfly fauna of Golaghat District, Assam, India. Bioinfolet. 2021;18(1):57-60.

Purkayastha J. Urban biodiversity:an insight into the terrestrial vertebrate diversity of Guwahati, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 2018;10(10):12299-12316.

Nair AV, Mitra P, Soma A. Studies on the diversity and abundance of butterfly (Lepidoptera:Rhopalocera) fauna in and around Sarojini Naidu College campus, Kolkata, West Bengal, India. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies. 2014;2(4):129-134.

Ali, I, Basistha SK. Butterfly diversity of Assam state zoo-cum-botanical garden. Zoos’ Print Journal. 2000;15(5):264-265.

Bhowmik S. Fifty-one new additions to the butterfly (Lepidoptera:Rhopalocera) fauna of Tripura, North-east India. Revista Chilena de Entomologia. 2021;47(1):35-60.

Lee CM, Park JW, Kwon TS, Kim SS, Ryu JW, Jung SJ, Lee SK. Diversity and density of butterfly communities in urban green areas:an analytical approach using GIS. Zoological Studies. 2015;54(4):1-12.

Gilbert LE. Pollen feeding and reproductive biology of Heliconius butterflies. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science U.S.A. 1972;69:1403-1407.

Rathika RK, MettildaBai SM, Josephine Mary JV, Vargila F. Diversity of Butterflies in Holy Cross College Campus, Nagercoil, India. Journal of Emerging Technologies and innovative Research, 2018;5(6):153-165.