EFFECT OF CuSO4 AND ZnSO4 ON BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS OF EARTHWORM, Eudrilus eugeniae

PDF

Published: 2021-12-28

Page: 1015-1020


D. S. PATIL *

Department of Zoology, NTVS's G. T. Patil Arts, Science and Commerce College, Nandurbar, India.

B. C. MORE

Department of Zoology, K.A.M.P. Arts, Commerce and N.K.P. Science Sr. College, Pimpalner, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Heavy metals are hazardous to soil invertebrates at high concentrations. Earthworm biochemical responses can serve as early signs of soil contamination. The effects of heavy metals such as CuSO4 and ZnSO4  on biochemical parameters such as protein, lipid and glycogen in the earthworm, Eudrilus eugeniae were investigated in present study. After 30 days of exposure, the results revealed that the sub lethal concentrations of both heavy metals significantly reduced the biochemical content of experimental worms compared to the control. Decreased values of protein, triglyceride and glycogen were dose dependent and found to be -24.4% and -10.9%, -26.87 % & -11.44% and -26.09% & -23.91% in worm exposed to 3/4th sub lethal concentration of CuSO4 and ZnSO4 respectively.

Keywords: Eudrilus eugeniae, CuSO4, ZnSO4, protein, lipid, glycogen


How to Cite

PATIL, D. S., & MORE, B. C. (2021). EFFECT OF CuSO4 AND ZnSO4 ON BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS OF EARTHWORM, Eudrilus eugeniae. UTTAR PRADESH JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY, 42(24), 1015–1020. Retrieved from https://mbimph.com/index.php/UPJOZ/article/view/2839

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Sharma RK, Agrawal M. Biological effects of heavy metals: An overview. Journal of Environmental Biology. 2005;26:301-313.

Boyd RS. Heavy metal pollutants and chemical ecology: Exploring new frontiers. Journal of Chemical Ecology. 2010;36:46-58.

Morgan AJ, Sturzenbaum SR. Winters C. Grime GW, Aziz NAA, Kille P. Differential metallothionein expression in earthworm (Lumbricus rubellus) tissues. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety. 2004; 57,(1):11-19.

Jensen P, Trumble JT. Ecological consequences of bioavailability of metals and metalloids in insects. Recent Res. Dev. Entomol. 2003;42:1–17.

Nahmani J, Hadson ME, Black S. Effect of metal on life cycle parameters of the earthworm Eisenia foetida exposed to field-contaminated metal polluted soil. Environ. Pollut. 2007;149:44-58.

Lourenço JI, Pereira RO, Silva AC, Morgado JM, Carvalho FP, Oliveira JM, Malta MP, Paiva AA, Mendo SA, FJ. Genotoxic endpoints in the earthworms sub-lethal assay to evaluate natural soils contaminated by metals and radionuclides. Journal of Hazardous Materials. 2011;186(1):788-795.

Lee KL. Earthworms; Their Ecology and Relationships with soils and land use. Academic Press. Sydney. 1985;570.

Latif R, Ezzatpanah S, Malik M, Parsa H. Earthworms of the Central Elburz Mountains, Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics. 2009;5(2):1- 5.

Amudhavalli G. Ramasany K. Gopinath GV, Nagappan PR. Bioaccumulation of Zn and Mn biochemical changes due to accumulation of metals in typical mossambia. Proc. Sec. Nat. Sym. Ecotoxical. 1988; 196-202.

Umminger BL. Physiological studies on super cooled Hill fish Pundulus heteroclitus III, carbohydrate metabolism and survival at sub zero temperature; J. Exp. Zool. 1970;173:159–174.

Holden AV. The effects of pesticides on the lifes in freshwater Proc. R. Soc. London. 1972;180b: 383-394.

Pickering et al. Paper title Int. J. Air Water Pollut. 1983;10:453-463.

Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). Test 207: earthworm, acute toxicity tests. OECD Guidelines for Testing of Chemicals, Paris, France; 1984.

Patil DS, More BC. Toxicity of CuSO4 and ZnSO4 on E. eugeniae. Bioinfolet. 2020;17(2): 310-312.

Goel RK, Mahajan MP, Kulkarni SK. Evaluation of anti- hyperglycemic activity of some novel monocyclic beta lactems. Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2004;80-83.

Lowry OH, Rosebrough NJ, Farr AL, Randall RJ. Protein measurement with Foline-phenol reagent. J.Biol, Che. 1951;193:265- 275.

Trinder P. Determination of glucose in blood using glucose oxidase with an alternative oxygen receptor. Ann. Clin. Biochem. 1969;6:24-27.

Shukla V, Kumar K. Comparative study of the decomposition potential of Earthworms Amynthus garcilis and Metaphir posthuma. Environment and Ecology. 2004;23(1):210-216.

Seema rani. Effect of heavy metal toxicity on the survival, reproductive potential and Biochemical constituent of different earthworm species. Ph.D. thesis. Dept. of. Zoology, Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak. 2014;94.

Jeyanthi V, Arockia J, Paul J, Selvi BK, Karmegam N. Comparative Study of Biochemical Responses in Three Species of Earthworms Exposed to Pesticide and Metal Contaminated Soil. Environ. Process. 2016;3:167–178.

Yeole AK. Carbendazim and carbofuran induced effect on biochemical parameters of Eudrilus eugeniae, Kinberg, 1867 (Annelida: Eudrilidae). International Journal of Current Advanced Research, 2018;07(10):15737-15739.

Jatwani C, Gupta RK, Rai R, Bansal N. Effects of Hg/Co toxicity in Soil on Biomolecules of Earthworm, Eisenia Fetida, Procedia Environmental Sciences. 2016;35: 450–455.

Dezwaan A, Zandee DI. The utilization of glycogen and accumulation of some intermediate during anaerobiosis in Mytilus edulis L. Comp Biochem Physiol. 1972;43:47-54.

Hemlata, Singh D, Yadav J, Sandeep. Impact of herbicides on biomolecular constituents of Eisenia fetida. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies. 2017; 5(2):1375-1378.

Urmila, Gupta RK, Shefali, Parveen G. Mercury and Cadmium Toxicity on Biomolecular parameters in Eudrilus eugeniae. Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci. 2019;8(10):711-715.