PARASITIC PROFILE OF FIVE SPECIES OF TERRESTRIAL Achatina SNAIL IN CROSS RIVER STATE, NIGERIA: PUBLIC HEALTH IMPLICATIONS
UTTAR PRADESH JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY,
A total of 760 snails of the genera Achatina, belonging to five species (Achatina achatina, Achatina belteata, Achatina degneri, Achatina fulica and Achatina marginata) were sampled between January and August 2021, from six communities located in six Local Government Areas (LGAs) in the Central Senatorial District, Cross River State. A. achatina was the most abundant species collected (32.89%) while A. degneri was the least collected (11.19%). A greater number of Achatina snails were collected in the wet season than in the dry season with no observed dominance of any of the species. Overall, 319 (42%) snails were infected with parasites. A. fulica had the highest prevalence of parasitic infection (50.50%) while A. marginata had the least parasitic infection (28%). Snail species sampled in Boki LGA had the highest prevalence of parasitic infection (56.25%), while Obubra LGA recorded the least prevalence (21.28%). Mean intensity of Angiostrongylus spp. in A. achatina was 4.780 (4.56 – 5.00; 95% CI), while Strongyloides spp. was 4.667 (4.11-5.22; 95%CI). Testing parasite species diversity in the snail species assessed using diversity indices, A. balteata recorded the highest values for Shannon-Wiener (1.653) and Margalef’s indices (1.995), and also for species dominance using the Simpson index (0.22). Public health education and provision of adequate toilet facilities are recommended for control of snail-borne parasites.
- Achatina spp
- Cross River State
How to Cite
Onyishi GC, Aguzie IO, Okoro JO, Nwani CD, Ezenwaji N, Oluah NS, Okafor FC. Terrestrial snail fauna and associated helminth parasites in a tropical Semi-Urban Zone, Enugu State, Nigeria. Pakistan Journal of Zoology. 2018;50(3):1079-1085. Available:http://dx.doi.org/10.17582/journal.pjz/2018.50.3.1079.1085
Opisa S, Odiere MR, Jura WGZO, Karanja DMS, Mwinzi PNW. Malacological survey and geographical distribution of vector snails for schistosomiasis within informal settlements of Kisumu City, western Kenya. Parasites and Vectors. 2011;4(1):1-9.
Cowie RH, Robinson DG. Pathways of introduction of non-indigenous land and freshwater snails and slugs: In: Invasive Species Vectors and Management Strategies. Ruitz JM and Carlton JT (Editors). Island Press, Washington, USA. 2003;93-122.
Elom MO, Okpara-Elom IA. Helminthofauna of three wild Achatina species from a rural community of South Eastern Nigeria: A potential public health problem. Asian Journal of Biology. 2021;12(1):20-27. Available:https://doi:10.9734/AJOB/2021/v12i130154
Fagbuaro O, Oso JA, Edward JB, Ogunleye RF. Nutritional status of four species of giant land snails in Nigeria. Journal of Zhejiang University Science. 2006;7(9):686-689.
Adekunle OA, Oyinade AA, Joseph O, Adenaike F, Ogunyemi EO, Adejunon CA. A scientific justification of the use of giant African land snail (Archachatina marginata) haemolymph as oral rehydration in African treatment practice. Journal of Medical Research. 2012;1:95-97.
Iwanowicz DD, Sanders LR, School BW, Xayavong MV, Da Silva J, Qvarnstrom Y, Smith T. Spread of the rat lung worm (Angiostrongylus cantonensis) in giant African land snail (Lissachatina fulica) in Florida, USA. Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 2015;51(3):749-753. Available:https://doi:10.7589/2014-06-160
Alicata JE. The presence of Angiostrongylus cantonensis in islands of the India ocean and probable role of the giant African snail, Achatina fulica, in dispersal of the parasites to the Pacific islands. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 1966;44:1041-2049.
Herbert D, Kilburn D. Field guide to the land snails and slugs of Eastern South Africa. Pietermaritzburg: Natal Museum, South Africa; 2004.
Cheesebrough M. District laboratory practical in tropical countries 2nd edition, Cambridge University Press. 2006;442.
Wallace GD, Rosen L. Techniques for recovering and identifying larvae of Angiostrongylus cantonensis from mollusks. Malacologia. 1969;7:427-438.
Cruz H, Mills EV. Parasites of the Acanthocephalus serendibensis species from ceylon horn-nosed lizard Ceratophora Stoddard gray. Annals of Human and Comparative Parasitology, 1970;5:13–19.
Yamaguti S. Systema helminthum. In: Leer V (ed) The nematodes of vertebrates, vol 3. Interscience, New York; 1961.
Chukwuka CO, Ejere VC, Asogwa CN, Nnamonu EI, Okeke OC, Odii EI, Ugwu GC, Okanya LC, Levi CA. Eco-physiological adaptations of the land snail Achatina achatina (Gastropoda: Pulmonata) in tropical agroecosystem. Journal of Basic and Applied Zoology. 2014;67:48–57. Available:https:// doi.org/10.1016/j.jobaz.2014.06.001
Naggs F, Raheem D. Sri Lankan snail diversity: Faunal origins and future prospects. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement. 2005;68:11-29.
Okeke OC, Odii EI, Ugwu GC, Okanya LC, Levi CA. Eco-physiological adaptations of the land snail Achatina achatina (Gastropoda: Pulmonata) in tropical agro-ecosystem. Journal of Basic and Applied Zoology. 2014;67:48–57. Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jobaz.2014.06.001
Hodasi JKM. Life history studies of Achatina achatina (Linne). Journal of Molluscan Studies. 1979;45(3):328-339.
Nisbet RH. The life of Archachatinidae in London. Proceedings of Malacological Society of London. 1974;41:171-183.
Odaibo AB. Snail and Snail Farming: Nigerian edible land snails. Stirling Hordon Publishes, Ibadan, Nigeria; 1997.
Igbinosa IB, Isaac C, Adamu HO, Adeleke GC. Parasites of edible land snails in Edo State, Nigeria. Helminthologia. 2016;53(4):331- 335.
Hotez PJ, De Silva N, Brooker S, Bethony J. Soil-transmitted helminth infections: The nature, causes and burden of the condition. Working Paper, No 3: Disease Control Priority Project. Bethsida, M.D. Forgarty International Centre, National Institute of Health; 2003.
Alicata J. Biology and distribution of the rat lungworm, Angiostrongylus cantonensis and its relationship to eosinophilic meningoencephalitis and other neurological disorders of man and animals. Advances in Parasitology. 1965;3:223-248.
Vitta A, Polseela R, Nateeworanart S, Tattiyapong M. Survey of Angiostrongylus cantonensis in rats and giant African land snails in Phitsanulok Province, Thailand. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine. 2011;4:597-599.
Abstract View: 123 times
PDF Download: 11 times